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TIP of the Day

heart attack

Q. What are the risk factors for Heart Disease?s

The risk factors for Heart disease are:

  • Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Diabetes
  • High Cholesterol levels in the blood (Dyslipidemia)
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Obesity (esp. Central Obesity)
  • Stress
  • Family history of heart attack (especially at an early age)
  • Smoking: Smoking doubles your risk of getting heart disease. It also increases the risk of other long-term complications esp. in diabetic patients. In addition, smoking can damage the blood vessels in your legs and increase the risk of amputation.

Q. What are the symptoms of heart disease?

One sign of heart disease is Angina, the Chest pain or discomfort (centre of the chest) that occurs when a blood supply to the heart is reduced. The pain may radiate to shoulders, arms, neck and jaw etc. The pain gets relieved on taking rest or by taking anti-anginal medicine (e.g. sorbitrate etc). Angina does not cause permanent damage to the heart muscle.

Heart Attack occurs when blood supply to a part of the heart stops due to blockage of blood vessel which supplies blood to the heart muscle and permanent damage results. The patient may have shortness of breath, sweating, nausea and light-headedness.

Always check your risk for heart disease at least once a year by checking your risk factors for heart attack as mentioned above and get them treated at the earliest possible.

Q. What are the treatment options for heart disease?

Treatment includes a healthy diet, physical activity and medicines to treat heart damage. You need to lower your blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol. You may need to take Nitrates, Statin, Beta-blockers, ACE inhibitor or low dose of Aspirin.

Q. What can I prevent heart disease?

You can prevent heart disease by taking the following steps:

  • Eat healthy diet
  • Make physical activity a part of your daily routine. Do at least 30 minutes of exercise at least 5 days a week.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Take some medicines as advised by your doctor e.g. Aspirin, Statin and ACE inhibitors.


Contact Us


Sr. Diabetologist & Physician
Specialist in Life Style Diseases


Delhi Diabetes Care Centre
5/11791, Sat Nagar, Karol Bagh, New Delhi- 110005
Daily 12- 2 pm & 7-9 pm (Except Sunday)
Ph: 25730300, 25862685
Mobile : 9810956373
Delhi Heart & Lung Institute
3 MM-II, Panchkuin Road,
New Delhi -110055
DAILY 10 am - 12 noon (Except Sunday)
Ph: 42999999, 42999900